The Legal System in Singapore follows the English Common Law. According to the Singapore law, all citizens in Singapore are equal before the law irrespective of race, religion or creed. The law in Singapore is based on the Constitution, Legislation, and Subsidiary Legislation and Judge Made Law.
The Constitution provides the fundamental principles and basic framework for the three organs of the state i.e. the Executive, the Legislature and the Judiciary. It also protects the fundamental rights of the individual in relation to the state.
What Types of Law Should Businesses be Concerned With
Businesses must pay attention to both civil and criminal laws . For e.g:
- A businessman conducting a business without the necessary licenses and permits would have committed a crime. The actions of such businesses are punishable by criminal laws.
- Again, if the act of obtaining the necessary licenses and permits causes the clients or suppliers to suffer losses, the businessman could be sued for compensation under civil law.
Where Can One Find the Law
It is a legal research tool that offers access to complete collection of the latest written laws passed by Parliament. They are known as "Acts" and set out the broad principles of laws.
Subsidiary legislations are "Regulations" that provide details on how Acts should be enforced.
The Judiciary in Singapore
The Chief Justice is the head of the Judiciary which comprises of the Supreme Court and the Subordinate Courts. The Senior District Judge is responsible for the administration of the Subordinate Courts.
The Supreme Court consists of the Court of Appeal and the High Court. The Chief Justice and the other judges of the Supreme Court are appointed by the President, acting on the advice of the Prime Minister. The Prime Minister consults the Chief Justice before advising on the appointment of Judges.